image of hemp flower defining what are terpenes, chemicals that come from hemp flower
A few common questions that we get around here include what are terpenes and what do terpenes do? The short answer is that terpenes are chemicals in cannabis plants that give them different kinds of fragrances. That explanation is a bit too limiting. The truth is that terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that exist in other plants, not just cannabis.

Terpenes vs. Terpenoids

Don’t be surprised if you hear these terms confused, because the difference between them is very subtle. Terpenes are wholly natural, and terpenoids are chemically modified through a drying and curing process.

What Do Terpenes Do?

Though we're only in the preliminary stages of research on CBD and terpenes, there is plenty of evidence to believe they offer a wide variety of useful properties. The benefits and uses defend on the kind of terpene.

Types of Terpenes in CBD?

If you have a sharp nose, you can smell a cannabis flower and tell what types of terpenes are most active in the plant. Although just one cannabis plant can contain up to one hundred terpenes, White Tiger CBD has a high presence of the following 13 kinds of terpenes (explained):

Terpenes in White Tiger CBD

  • Pinene – as the name suggests, this terpenoid tastes like pine, and it’s the most common across all plant types. People use it for inflammation, to fight bacteria, and more.
  • Linalool – this terpene smells like flowers, and it is used as an antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, etc.
  • Myrcene – this is the most pervasive terpene in cannabis. If your CBD is high in Myrcene, you will feel calm and relaxed. It smells fruity, and it’s used to fight insomnia, muscle spasms, inflammation, and more.
  • Limonene – like Myrcene, this also has a fruity fragrance, but it’s more of a citrus scent. People use it as an antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, to fight acid reflux, etc.
  • Caryophyllene – this terpene is considered spicy, and it is used as an anti-bacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory.
  • Humulene – beer drinkers love this terpene because it’s hoppy. It’s used as an appetite suppressant, anti-bacterial, analgesic, etc.
  • Bisabolol – like Linalool, this has a floral scent, and it is believed to be an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-irritant.
  • Ocimene – this is an antifungal that defends the plants in which it is found. This sweet smelling terpene is found in fruits, mint, parsley, basil, etc.
  • Valencene – another citrus odor, there isn’t a clear understanding of many of the effects of Valencene, but people use it for inflammation.
  • Terpinolene – used as a sedative and antioxidant, this smoky smelling terpene is found in flowers, pines, and more.
  • Geraniol – people use this terpene as bug repellant which you would think is malodorous, but it has a pleasant scent. People like Geraniol for treating neuropathy, so it’s popular among chemotherapy patients.
  • Terpineol – this terpene is known for its relaxing properties and its odor that has a hint of lilac.
  • Selina-3, 7 (11)-diene – another terpene that is largely a mystery; many people use it as an antimicrobial.

Other Common Types

Here are some different common types of terpenes you will find:

  • Phytol
  • Trans-nerolidol
  • Eucalyptol
  • Delta 3 Carene
  • Camphene
  • Borneol

Learn more about them from this infographic. Disclaimer: when the infographic says cancer under uses, what it’s saying is people use it to treat the symptoms of cancer. In no way are we saying it is a cure for cancer. We are beginning to see a lot of encouraging research about the benefits of CBD, but be careful with companies that promise you the moon. The truth is CBD is an exciting new solution for aspects of many conditions, but it’s no replacement for modern medicine. Maybe someday it will prove to be that, in some cases, but until we have the science to back it, we’re not going to make those claims.

table illustrating the properties and uses answering the question what do terpenes do

White Tiger CBD Offers the Best Terpenes

Now that you’ve had terpenes explained to you, hopefully, you understand what terpenes are and what do they do. You can learn more about all things related to this topic with our CBD guide. Be sure to check out our line of quality CBD products that includes vape juice, gummies, pet chews, lotion, and more.